The anesthetic management for a special needs patient with trisomy 18 accompanying untreated tetralogy of Fallot

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Abstract

Special needs patients with mental retardation are recognized to have poorer oral health condition. Oral health related quality of life reflects daily activity and well-being. Dental treatment under general anesthesia is often an option for such patients. Trisomy 18 is characterized by congenital heart disease, craniofacial abnormality and mental retardation. Congenital heart disease can be greater risk during anesthesia. In the case of trisomy 18 with untreated tetralogy of Fallot, especially right-to-left shunting and/or pulmonary artery stenosis may reduce pulmonary blood flow, and may develop life-threatening hypoxemia. We anesthetized a patient with trisomy 18 accompanying untreated tetralogy of Fallot for dental treatment. The hemodynamics including cardiac output has been monitored non-invasively using electrical velocimetry method. Its systemic vascular resistance and pulmonary vascular resistance were maintained appropriately, and dental treatments were successfully completed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-215
Number of pages3
JournalEgyptian Journal of Anaesthesia
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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