The bvg-repressed gene brtA, encoding biofilm-associated surface adhesin, is expressed during host infection by Bordetella bronchiseptica

Sayaka Nishikawa, Naoaki Shinzawa, Keiji Nakamura, Keisuke Ishigaki, Hiroyuki Abe, Yasuhiko Horiguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bordetella species display phase modulation between Bvg+ and Bvg- phases. Because expression of known virulence factors is up-regulated in the Bvg+ phase, bacteria in this phase are considered competent for infection. However, the Bvg- phase is of negligible importance for infection. No studies have shown that bacterial factors specific to the Bvg- phase (bvg-repressed factors) are expressed in the course of Bordetella infection. In the present study, the gene brtA (Bordetella RTX-family Adhesin), which is a typical bvg-repressed gene but is expressed in B. bronchiseptica infecting hosts, was characterized. BrtA is composed of repeated pairs of the VCBS unit and dystroglycan-type cadherin-like unit, the von Willebrand Factor A domain, RTX motif and type I secretion target signal. It is herein demonstrated that BrtA is secreted by the type I secretion system and is essential for Ca2+-dependent bacteria-to-substrate adherence, followed by biofilm formation. Although the contribution of BrtA to bacterial colonization of the rat trachea currently remains unclear, this is the first study to present concrete evidence for the expression of a bvg-repressed gene during infection, which may provide a novel aspect for analyses of Bordetella pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-105
Number of pages13
JournalMICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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