From April 1991 to March 1993, there were 49 elderly patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in a geriatric hospital in Fukuoka, Japan. The retrospective study was carried out in order to evaluate the various factors which may influence the case fatality rate of MRSA infection among the elderly. Among them, 33 patients (67.3%) died while only 16 patients became culture-negative for MRSA and discharged after recovering from MRSA infection. A univariate analysis revealed that male sex (odds ratio [OR] = 12.25, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.80-53.55), hypoalbuminemia (OR = 3.83, 95% CI = 1.11-13.21) and an excessive usage of antibiotics (OR = 6.67, 95% CI = 1.70-26.09) were risk factors for death among the patients with MRSA infection. In a multivariate analysis, male sex and an excessive usage of antibiotics were still risk factors while hypoalbuminemia was not. However, hypoalbuminemina was more common in male patients than female patients (78.3% vs. 42.3%, p<0.05). These findings suggest that the case fatality rate of MRSA infection may be high and also suggest that the elderly with MRSA infection who had hypoalbuminemia and/or received many antibiotics may have a poor prognosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)