The amino acids of the B-chains of two abrins (designated as abrin-a and abrin-b) from the seeds of Abrus precatorius have been sequenced. The sequence of the B-chain of abrin-a was solved by analysis of peptides derived by enzymatic digestions with trypsin, lysylendopeptidase, and chymotrypsin, as well as by chemical cleavage with cyanogen bromide. The sequence of the B-chain of abrin-b was analyzed by sequence analysis of tryptic peptides and comparing these sequences with those of corresponding peptides of the B-chain of abrin-a. The B-chains of abrin-a and abrin-b consist of 268 amino acid residues and share 256 identical residues. Comparison of their sequences with that of the ricin B-chain shows that 60% of the residues of both abrin B-chains are identical to those of the ricin B-chain and that two saccharide-binding sites in ricin B-chain identified by a crystallographic study are highly conserved in both abrin B-chains.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry