OBJECTIVE: To identify of the gene responsible for the onset of spinocerebellar ataxia type 16 (SCA16). METHODS: We reanalyzed the linkage of the original Japanese pedigree using updated information, including three additional subjects. We then screened all exons located in the critical region. RESULTS: We reassigned the locus of SCA16 to 3p26.2-pter (maximum logarithm-of-odds score = 5.177) and identified only one point mutation (4,256C→T) in the 3′ untranslated region of the contactin 4 gene (CNTN4) on chromosome 3p26.2-26.3, which cosegregated with the disease. This mutation was not detected in 520 control subjects; moreover, we revised the phenotype of SCA16 from pure to complicated SCA. CONCLUSION: The contactin 4 gene (CNTN4) is associated with cerebellar degeneration in spinocerebellar ataxia type 16. Additional studies are necessary to prove 4,256C→T to be a causative mutation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2006|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology