The detection of neutrino interactions in the emulsion/lead target of the OPERA experiment

N. Agafonova, A. Anokhina, S. Aoki, A. Ariga, T. Ariga, L. Arrabito, D. Autiero, A. Badertscher, A. Bagulya, F. Bersani Greggio, A. Bertolin, M. Besnier, D. Bick, V. Boyarkin, C. Bozza, T. Brugière, R. Brugnera, G. Brunetti, S. Buontempo, E. CarraraA. Cazes, L. Chaussard, M. Chernyavsky, V. Chiarella, N. Chon-Sen, A. Chukanov, M. Cozzi, G. D'amato, F. Dal Corso, N. D'ambrosio, G. De Lellis, Y. Déclais, M. De Serio, F. Di Capua, D. Di Ferdinando, A. Di Giovanni, N. Di Marco, C. Di Troia, S. Dmitrievski, A. Dominjon, M. Dracos, D. Duchesneau, S. Dusini, J. Ebert, O. Egorov, R. Enikeev, A. Ereditato, L. S. Esposito, J. Favier, G. Felici, T. Ferber, R. Fini, D. Frekers, T. Fukuda, C. Fukushima, V. I. Galkin, V. A. Galkin, A. Garfagnini, G. Giacomelli, M. Giorgini, C. Goellnitz, T. Goeltzenlichter, J. Goldberg, D. Golubkov, Y. Gornushkin, G. Grella, F. Grianti, M. Guler, C. Gustavino, C. Hagner, K. Hamada, T. Hara, M. Hierholzer, K. Hoshino, M. Ieva, K. Jakovcic, B. Janutta, C. Jollet, F. Juget, M. Kazuyama, S. H. Kim, M. Kimura, N. Kitagawa, B. Klicek, J. Knuesel, K. Kodama, D. Kolev, M. Komatsu, U. Kose, A. Krasnoperov, I. Kreslo, Z. Krumstein, H. Kubota, V. V. Kutsenov, V. A. Kuznetsov, I. Laktineh, C. Lazzaro, J. Lenkeit, A. Ljubicic, A. Longhin, G. Lutter, A. Malgin, K. Manai, G. Mandrioli, A. Marotta, J. Marteau, T. Matsuo, V. Matveev, N. Mauri, E. Medinaceli, F. Meisel, A. Meregaglia, M. Messina, P. Migliozzi, S. Miyamoto, P. Monacelli, K. Morishima, U. Moser, M. T. Muciaccia, N. Naganawa, T. Naka, M. Nakamura, T. Nakano, V. Nikitina, K. Niwa, Y. Nonoyama, A. Nozdrin, S. Ogawa, A. Olchevski, G. Orlova, V. Osedlo, D. Ossetski, M. Paniccia, A. Paoloni, B. D. Park, I. G. Park, A. Pastore, L. Patrizii, E. Pennacchio, H. Pessard, V. Pilipenko, C. Pistillo, N. Polukhina, M. Pozzato, K. Pretzl, P. Publichenko, F. Pupilli, R. Rescigno, D. Rizhikov, T. Roganova, G. Romano, G. Rosa, I. Rostovtseva, A. Rubbia, A. Russo, V. Ryasny, O. Ryazhskaya, A. Sadovski, O. Sato, Y. Sato, V. Saveliev, A. Schembri, W. Schmidt Parzefall, H. Schroeder, H. U. Schütz, J. Schuler, L. Scotto Lavina, H. Shibuya, S. Simone, M. Sioli, C. Sirignano, G. Sirri, J. S. Song, M. Spinetti, L. Stanco, N. Starkov, M. Stipcevic, T. Strauss, P. Strolin, V. Sugonyaev, S. Takahashi, V. Tereschenko, F. Terranova, I. Tezuka, V. Tioukov, P. Tolun, V. Tsarev, R. Tsenov, S. Tufanli, N. Ushida, V. Verguilov, P. Vilain, M. Vladimirov, L. Votano, J. L. Vuilleumier, G. Wilquet, B. Wonsak, V. Yakushev, C. S. Yoon, T. Yoshioka, J. Yoshida, Y. Zaitsev, A. Zghiche, R. Zimmermann

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Abstract

The OPERA neutrino detector in the underground Gran Sasso Laboratory (LNGS) was designed to perform the first detection of neutrino oscillations in appearance mode through the study of νμ→ ντ oscillations. The apparatus consists of an emulsion/lead target complemented by electronic detectors and it is placed in the high energy long-baseline CERN to LNGS beam (CNGS) 730 km away from the neutrino source. Runs with CNGS neutrinos were successfully carried out in 2007 and 2008 with the detector fully operational with its related facilities for the emulsion handling and analysis. After a brief description of the beam and of the experimental setup we report on the collection, reconstruction and analysis procedures of first samples of neutrino interaction events.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberP06020
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume4
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Mathematical Physics

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    Agafonova, N., Anokhina, A., Aoki, S., Ariga, A., Ariga, T., Arrabito, L., Autiero, D., Badertscher, A., Bagulya, A., Bersani Greggio, F., Bertolin, A., Besnier, M., Bick, D., Boyarkin, V., Bozza, C., Brugière, T., Brugnera, R., Brunetti, G., Buontempo, S., ... Zimmermann, R. (2009). The detection of neutrino interactions in the emulsion/lead target of the OPERA experiment. Journal of Instrumentation, 4(6), [P06020]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/4/06/P06020