The duration of severe insulin omission is the factor most closely associated with the microvascular complications of Type 1 diabetic females with clinical eating disorders

Masato Takii, Yasuko Uchigata, Shoji Tokunaga, Naoko Amemiya, Naoko Kinukawa, Takehiro Nozaki, Yasuhiko Iwamoto, Chiharu Kubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate which features of eating disorders are associated with retinopathy and nephropathy in Type 1 diabetic females with clinical eating disorders. Method: Participants were 109 Type 1 diabetic females with clinical eating disorders diagnosed by the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (bulimia nervosa [n = 70], binge-eating disorder [n = 28], anorexia nervosa [n = 7], and eating disorder not otherwise specified [n = 4]). Retinopathy and nephropathy were screened and demographic, medical, and eating disorder related factors were investigated. To identify the factors associated with each complication, logistic regression analysis was done. Results: Duration of severe insulin omission and duration of Type 1 diabetes were significantly associated with retinopathy (odds ratios = 1.35 and 1.23, respectively) and nephropathy (odds ratio = 1.35 and 1.21, respectively) in multivariate regression analyses. Conclusion: Of the various problematic behavioral factors related to eating disorders, the duration of severe insulin omission was the factor most closely associated with the retinopathy and nephropathy of Type 1 diabetic females with clinical eating disorders by multivariate analysis. This finding may help patients who deliberately omit insulin become aware of medical risk of insulin omission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-264
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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