The effect of ball exercise on physical functions in the elderly women

Ichiro Kawano, Shin Ichiro Takasugi, Takahide Kamishima, Kenji Masumoto, Yukihide Iwamoto

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the effects of Ball Exercise on physical functions related to fall prevention among community-dwelling elderly. Nineteen healthy elderly women voluntarily participated in a Ball Exercise course that consiste of 60-min classes once a week for three months. We assessed their physical functions at baseline and then again after the Ball Exercise course. Significant improvements (p<0.05) were observed in one leg standing without vision (+7.2s), functional reach (+14.4%), trunk flexibility test (+7.1%), maximum walking speed (+17%), and the isometric muscle strength of the knee and ankle joints (+9.8-35.7%), but no changes were observed in grasping power. This study suggested that Ball Exercise might be a suitable fall prevention and health promoting exercise for elderly people. We therefore concluded that ensuring a high level of physical functions is important to prevent falls and maintain a high quality of life for elderly people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-97
Number of pages3
JournalJapanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine
Volume55
Issue numberSUPPL.
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2006

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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