The effect of cranial change on oropharyngeal airway and breathing during sleep

Hiroyuki Nakano, Katsuaki Mishima, Hokuto Suga, Tomonori Iwasaki, Kazuya Inoue, Takamitsu Mano, Chikara Yoshimura, Kei Suzuki, Naoko Imagawa, Takaaki Ueno, Yoshihide Mori, Yoshiya Ueyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Mandibular micrognathia is one of the characteristics of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of bimaxillary surgery without maxillary advancement on the upper airway using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) results of comparing pre-and post-operative finite element model. Seven female patients with jaw deformity, who underwent two-jaw surgery (Le Fort1 osteotomy and bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy; BSSRO) were enrolled. Maxillary was moved for correcting occlusal plane and mandibular was moved to advancement. Pharyngeal airway space and breathing during sleep were evaluated, comparing the periods of 2 days before and 6 months after the operation. The cross-sectional area of the level of the hard palate (HP) and the level of the tip of the uvula (TU), and airway volume of total, HP-TU, and TP-the level of the base of the epiglottis (BE) were increased. AI and AHI in 2 days before and 6 months after were decreased. As the result of nasal ventilation condition, velocity of HP and TU in 2 days before and 6 months after were decreased. We think that it was revealed that movement of the maxilla without advancement did not affect to the morphology and function of airway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-52
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Hard Tissue Biology
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Cell Biology

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