The effect of hydroxyapatite coating on the bonding of bone to titanium implants in the femora of ovariectomised rats

T. Hara, K. Hayashi, Y. Nakashima, T. Kanemaru, Y. Iwamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have studied the effect of hydroxyapatite (HA) coating in 15 ovariectomised and 15 normal rats which had had a sham procedure. Twenty-four weeks after operation, HA-coated implants were inserted into the intramedullary canal of the right femur and uncoated implants into the left femur. The prostheses were removed four weeks after implantation. Twelve specimens in each group had mechanical push-out tests. Sagittal sections of the other three were evaluated by SEM. The bone mineral density (BMD) of the dissected left tibia was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. The difference in BMD between the control and ovariectomised tibiae was 35.01 mg/cm2 (95% CI, 26.60 to 43.42). The push-out strength of the HA-coated implants was higher than that of the uncoated implants in both groups (p < 0.0001), but the HA-coated implants of the ovariectomised group had a reduction in push-out strength of 40.3% compared with the control group (p < 0.0001). Our findings suggest that HA-coated implants may improve the fixation of a cementless total hip prosthesis but that the presence of osteoporosis may limit the magnitude of this benefit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)705-709
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B
Volume81
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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