This study quantified the effect of weeding frequency and weeding schedules on weeding operation time in a sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) plantation stand. A weeding operation time estimation model was developed; then the cumulative weeding operation time after six growing seasons was simulated using the developed model. The developed model included weed height, relative height of weeds to sugi, and initial planting density. The simulated cumulative weeding operation time decreased approximately 6% for each one-treatment decrease in weeding frequency. Under a three-treatment weeding frequency scenario, the simulated cumulative operation time when weeding was conducted during non-consecutive years was longer than that when weeding was conducted during three consecutive years. The results suggest that carrying out weeding treatment during consecutive years is the more effective for reduction of weeding costs. We conclude that weeding schedule as well as weeding frequency must be considered for reduction of weeding operation time.
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