Background: Psoas or epidural abscesses are often accompanied by pyogenic spondylitis and require drainage. Posterolateral percutaneous endoscopic techniques are usually used for hernia discectomy, but this approach is also useful in some cases of psoas or lumbar ventral epidural abscess. We here report a case of psoas and epidural abscesses accompanied by pyogenic spondylitis that was successfully treated by percutaneous endoscopic drainage. Case presentation: Our patient was a 57-year-old Japanese woman who had been receiving chemotherapy for inflammatory breast cancer and who became unable to walk due to lower back and left leg pain. She was transported as an emergency to another hospital. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed psoas and epidural abscesses accompanied by pyogenic spondylitis, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was detected in a blood culture. Drainage of the psoas abscess was performed under echo guidance, but was not effective, and she was transferred to our institution. We performed percutaneous endoscopic drainage for the psoas and epidural abscesses. Immediate pain relief was achieved and the inflammatory reaction subsided after 8 weeks of antibiotic therapy with daptomycin. Conclusions: Percutaneous endoscopy allowed us to approach the psoas and epidural abscesses directly, enabling the immediate drainage of the abscesses with less burden on the patient.
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