The effects of commensal microbiota on immune cell subsets and inflammatory responses

Takatoshi Chinen, Alexander Y. Rudensky

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Billions of years of coevolution shaped the mutually beneficial relationships between metazoans and symbiotic commensal microorganisms. Commensal microorganisms profoundly affect the physiology of the host and provide the host with survival advantages in several ways, while they could also trigger pathogenic immune responses and threaten the well-being of the host. Recent advances in DNA sequencing technology enabled the analysis of commensal microbiota, and improvements in the techniques of culturing gut-resident microorganisms and of rearing gnotobiotic rodents have made it possible to assess the effect of individual component of microbial communities on host physiology. In this review, we discuss the current understanding of the interactions of commensal microbiota with the host immune system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-55
Number of pages11
JournalImmunological Reviews
Volume245
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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