The effects of stretching, hot pack and massage treatments on muscle thickness and hardness

Satoshi Muraki, Makoto Ohnuma, Kiyotaka Fukumoto, Osamu Fukuda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to clarify the changes in muscle hardness by three treatments (stretching, hot pack and massage) that are commonly used to relieve muscle fatigue. Ten young male adults received the treatments in their anterior thigh. The thickness and hardness of the subcutaneous fat and the muscles in the anterior thigh were measured using an elasticity-measuring instrument with an ultrasound signal. In the stretching and hot pack conditions, an index of muscle hardness significantly decreased without change in muscle thickness, which indicates softening of the muscles. In contrast, the massage condition failed to show significant changes in the muscle hardness. These findings suggested that the stretching and warming of the muscles soften them, which might reflect relief of muscle fatigue.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationErgonomics in Asia
Subtitle of host publicationDevelopment, Opportunities, and Challenges - Selected Papers of the 2nd East Asian Ergonomics Federation Symposium, EAEFS 2011
Pages301-306
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Apr 23 2012
Event2nd East Asian Ergonomics Federation Symposium, EAEFS 2011 - Hsinchu, Taiwan, Province of China
Duration: Oct 4 2011Oct 8 2011

Publication series

NameErgonomics in Asia: Development, Opportunities, and Challenges - Selected Papers of the 2nd East Asian Ergonomics Federation Symposium, EAEFS 2011

Other

Other2nd East Asian Ergonomics Federation Symposium, EAEFS 2011
CountryTaiwan, Province of China
CityHsinchu
Period10/4/1110/8/11

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of stretching, hot pack and massage treatments on muscle thickness and hardness'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Muraki, S., Ohnuma, M., Fukumoto, K., & Fukuda, O. (2012). The effects of stretching, hot pack and massage treatments on muscle thickness and hardness. In Ergonomics in Asia: Development, Opportunities, and Challenges - Selected Papers of the 2nd East Asian Ergonomics Federation Symposium, EAEFS 2011 (pp. 301-306). (Ergonomics in Asia: Development, Opportunities, and Challenges - Selected Papers of the 2nd East Asian Ergonomics Federation Symposium, EAEFS 2011).