The palladium–hydrogen system is one of the most famous hydrogen-storage systems. Although there has been much research on β-phase PdH(D)x, we comprehensively investigated the nature of the interaction between Pd and H(D) in α-phase PdH(D)x (x<0.03 at 303 K), and revealed the existence of Pd−H(D) chemical bond for the first time, by various in situ experimental techniques and first-principles theoretical calculations. The lattice expansion, magnetic susceptibility, and electrical resistivity all provide evidence. In situ solid-state 1H and 2H NMR spectroscopy and first-principles theoretical calculations revealed that a Pd−H(D) chemical bond exists in the α phase, but the bonding character of the Pd−H(D) bond in the α phase is quite different from that in the β phase; the nature of the Pd−H(D) bond in the α phase is a localized covalent bond whereas that in the β phase is a metallic bond.
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