Kuznets (1955) argued that income inequality in a country first rises and then begins to fall at a certain point of economic development to form an inverted U-shaped curve, which is known as the “Kuznets curve.” The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) is a variation of the Kuznets curve that represents the relationship between economic development and environmental degradation instead of income inequality. The logic behind the EKC is that environmental quality may deteriorate as a result of economic development because of an increase in economically valuable activities that may have deleterious environmental effects, such as production and transportation. After a certain level of economic development has been reached, however, environmentally friendly innovations may be adopted that help improve environmental quality, but this is merely a hypothesis that has yet to be empirically tested. Knowing whether the level of environmental degradation will continue to increase or decrease after a certain level of economic development is critical to the pursuit of sustainable development.
|Title of host publication||The Routledge Handbook of Environmental Economics in Asia|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis|
|Number of pages||26|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2015|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
- Business, Management and Accounting(all)