The essential fatty acid myristate causes severe growth retardation in Hpelo disruptants of the yeast Hansenula polymorpha

Phatthanon Prasitchoke, Yoshinobu Kaneko, Takeshi Bamba, Ei Ichiro Fukusaki, Akio Kobayashi, Satoshi Harashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Myristate (C14:0) is an essential multi-functional fatty acid in a variety of organisms. We found that C14:0, but not other fatty acids, causes severe growth retardation in Hpelo1Δ and Hpelo2Δ mutants of the yeast Hansenula polymorpha, defective in elongation of very long-chain fatty acids. While transcription of HpELO1 and HpELO2 is transiently increased by C14:0, this was not found to be responsible for the growth retardation. Transcription of HpFAS1 and HpFAS2 encoding fatty acid synthase is repressed by C14:0, but this repression was also not found to be responsible for growth retardation. A screen for suppressors that resulted in restored growth of the Hpelo1Δ disruptant on media containing C14:0 identified two types of suppressors. One exhibited a defect in C14:0 uptake while the other did not. Molecular genetic and genomic analysis of these suppressor mutations is anticipated to shed new light on the processes of fatty acid transport and the crucial role of C14:0 in the growth of eukaryotic organisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-304
Number of pages8
JournalArchives of Microbiology
Volume189
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Essential Fatty Acids
Pichia
Myristic Acid
Yeast
Yeasts
Fatty Acids
Growth
Transcription
Genetic Suppression
Fatty Acid Synthases
Molecular Biology
Elongation
Defects

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology

Cite this

The essential fatty acid myristate causes severe growth retardation in Hpelo disruptants of the yeast Hansenula polymorpha. / Prasitchoke, Phatthanon; Kaneko, Yoshinobu; Bamba, Takeshi; Fukusaki, Ei Ichiro; Kobayashi, Akio; Harashima, Satoshi.

In: Archives of Microbiology, Vol. 189, No. 4, 01.04.2008, p. 297-304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Prasitchoke, Phatthanon ; Kaneko, Yoshinobu ; Bamba, Takeshi ; Fukusaki, Ei Ichiro ; Kobayashi, Akio ; Harashima, Satoshi. / The essential fatty acid myristate causes severe growth retardation in Hpelo disruptants of the yeast Hansenula polymorpha. In: Archives of Microbiology. 2008 ; Vol. 189, No. 4. pp. 297-304.
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