The expression of both peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta and cyclooxygenase-2 in tissues is associated with poor prognosis in colorectal cancer patients

Masahiro Yoshinaga, Kentaro Taki, Shinichi Somada, Yumiko Sakiyama, Norihiko Kubo, Toyoma Kaku, Satoru Tsuruta, Tetsuya Kusumoto, Hironori Sakai, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Ryoichi Takayanagi, Yoichi Muto

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Background: The role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPAR δ) in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC) remains controversial. Aims: We investigated the impact of PPAR δ expression in tissues on liver metastasis of CRC. Methods: We analyzed samples of primary CRC and matched normal adjacent tissues from 52 patients for the expression of PPAR δ, cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, and CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4). Correlations of the molecules expressions with clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients were studied. Results: The number of patients positive for PPAR δ, COX-2, CXCR4, and VEGF-A was 25, 33, 18, and 19, respectively. Among the PPAR δ (+)/COX-2 (+), PPAR δ (-)/COX-2 (+), PPAR δ (+)/COX-2 (-), and PPAR δ (-)/COX-2 (-) patient groups, PPAR δ (+)/COX-2 (+) patients had the highest incidence of liver metastasis (p < 0.01). PPAR δ (+)/COX-2 (+) expression was a significant independent prognostic factor (HR = 7.108, 95% CI 1.231-41.029, p = 0.0283) by Cox proportional analysis. PPAR δ (+)/COX-2 (+) patients had the highest positivity for CXCR4 or VEGF-A in tissues (p < 0.01). Among the patients in the CXCR4 (+)/VEGF-A (+), CXCR4 (+)/VEGF-A (-), CXCR4 (-)/VEGF-A (+), and CXCR4 (-)/VEGF-A (-) groups, CXCR4 (+)/VEGF-A (+) patients had the highest incidence of liver metastasis (p < 0.01). Conclusions: The expression of both PPAR δ and COX-2 in tissues may lead to liver metastasis and consequent poor prognosis in CRC patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1194-1200
Number of pages7
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2011


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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