Rapid formation of spherical multicellular aggregates (spheroids) of hepatocytes and expression of liver-specific functions are important in developing a hybrid artificial liver. The relation between these points and the surface characteristics of the culture substratum are investigated in this article. Polyurethane foam (PUF) was used as a culture substratum for hepatocytes. Rat, dog, and porcine primary hepatocytes spontaneously formed a spheroid within 1.5 days in the pores of a hydrophilic PUF with a contact angle of 53.4 ± 2.7°. Rat and dog primary hepatocytes formed a spheroid within 3 and 7 days of culture, respectively, in hydrophobic PUF with a contact angle of about 100°. The rates of albumin secretion and ammonia metabolism at 5 days of culture of porcine hepatocytes were 31 μg of albumin/106 nuclei/day and 0.018 μmol of NH3/106 nuclei/h, respectively, about 2 times higher than the values with hydrophobic PUF. It is very important to control the hydrophilicity of the PUF surface to develop an effective artificial liver module.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biomedical Engineering
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine