Crk is a member of a family of adapter proteins predominantly composed of Src homology 2 and 3 domains, whose role in signaling pathways is presently unclear. Using an in situ electroporation system which permits the introduction of glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion proteins into cells, we found that c-CrkII bound to p130(cas), but not to paxillin in serum- starved rat-1 fibroblasts overexpressing the human insulin receptor (HIRc cells) in vivo. 17 nM insulin stimulation dissociated the binding of c-CrkII to p130(cas), whereas 13 nM insulin-like growth factor-I, 16 nM epidermal growth factor (EGF), and 10% serum each showed little or no effect. We found that stress fiber formation is consistent with a change in the p130(cas)·c- CrkII interactions before and after growth factor stimulation. Microinjection of either GST-CrkSH2 or -Crk-(N)SH3 domains, or anti-Crk antibody each inhibited stress fiber formation before and after insulin-like growth factor- I, EGF, and serum stimulation. Insulin stimulation by itself caused stress fiber breakdown and there was no additive effect of microinjection. Microinjection of anti-p130(cas) antibody also blocked stress fiber formation in quiescent cells. Microinjection of the Crk-inhibitory reagents also inhibited DNA synthesis after insulin-like growth factor-I, EGF, and serum stimulation, but not after insulin. These data suggest that the complex containing p130(cas)·c-CrkII may play a crucial role in actin cytoskeleton organization and in anchorage-dependent DNA synthesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology