To investigate whether or not an excess of additive genetic variance for viability detected in southern natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster was created by diversifying selection, genotype-environment interaction was tested as follows. (1) Two karyotype chromosomes were used: 61 second chromosomes with the standard karyotype and 63 second chromosomes carrying In(2L)t. Their homozygote viabilities were larger than 50% of the average viability of random heterozygotes. (2) The effects of two factors (culture media and yeasts) were examined at three levels (the culture media: tomato, corn and banana; and the yeasts: sake, brewer's and baker's). The results of 16 three by three factorial experiments by the Cy method in the same karyotype groups for relative viabilities of homozygotes and heterozygotes elucidated the following findings: (1) there was no significant difference between the two karyotype groups, (2) the variance components of genotype-environment interaction were highly significant, (3) the variance component of heterozygotes was significantly smaller than that of homozygotes. From the experimental findings and previous results, diversifying selection in natural populations acting on viability polygenes to increase the additive genetic variance was suggested. The relation of the present result to protein polymorphism is also discusssed.
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1985|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes