Immunotherapy using monocyte derived dendritic cells (Mo-DCs) from cancer patients has been developed; however, the Mo-DCs regularly studied have been derived from non-cancer bearing donors or mice, and evaluated in normoxic conditions. In the present study, we investigated the effects of Hedgehog (Hh) inhibitors which are being developed as molecular target drugs for cancer on the functions of Mo-DCs derived from patients with advanced cancer when cultured in a tumor-like hypoxic environment. Mo-DC induction, migration, chemotaxis, phagocytosis, maturation, IL-12 p40 or p70 secretion and the allogeneic lymphocyte stimulation activity of Mo-DCs from patients with advanced cancer were all significantly inhibited by the Hh inhibitor, cyclopamine under hypoxic conditions. Our results suggest that Hh signaling plays an important role in the maintenance and function of Mo-DCs derived from patients with advanced cancer when cultured under hypoxic conditions.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 21 2013|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology