Background: The utilization of extended criteria liver allografts (ECD) shortens time to transplantation. Objective: To characterize the effect of liver allograft fibrosis on graft and patient survival after liver transplantation (LT), with particular attention to fibrosis progression. Methods: Retrospective database search of donor and recipient liver allograft histology of liver transplants performed between 2007 and 2011. Donor and patient characteristics were analyzed. Results: One hundred and one patients underwent LT with donor liver allografts with early-stage fibrosis (stage 1 fibrosis and stage 2 fibrosis). The level of liver fibrosis did not progress in 40% of the patients tested, and there was a regression of fibrosis in 30%. At a median follow-up of 71 months, of 101 patients transplanted with fibrotic livers, 63 patients (63%) were alive with functioning initial grafts, six patients (6%) were retransplanted, and 35 patients expired. The graft survival rates were 82% and 69% at 1 and 5 years, respectively. Graft survival differences were not found to be statistically significant between the degrees of liver allograft fibrosis: 5-year graft survival (73% for stage 1 fibrosis and 62% for stage 2 fibrosis, P =.24). The entire fibrosis group was further compared with a control group of 208 consecutive primary liver transplant patients with allografts having no fibrosis. The 5-year graft survival was not significantly different between the groups (69% for the fibrosis group vs 75% for the nonfibrosis group, P =.19). Survival was also not statistically different between the groups (5-year survival of 73% for the fibrosis group vs 79% for the nonfibrosis group, P =.2). In patients with HCV, graft survival differences were not found to be statistically significant with the use of early-stage fibrotic livers: 5-year graft survival of 60% for fibrosis group vs 70% for the nonfibrosis group, P =.22). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that allografts with early-stage fibrosis achieve acceptable long-term survival after liver transplantation. Given these preliminary results, the use of organs with early-stage fibrosis warrants further studies at a larger scale to validate these results.
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