Background: Immunotherapy targeting programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) has become the forefront strategy for systemic therapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. PD-L1 expression on tumor cells has been reported as an eligible biomarker of response to such immunotherapies. However, useful biomarkers of response to atezolizumab, an anti PD-L1 antibody, are unestablished. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinicopathological characteristics including PD-L1 expression in NSCLC patients treated with atezolizumab from January 2018 at our department. In addition, we investigated the prognostic effect of the following pretreatment immune-inflammation-nutritional parameters: Prognostic nutritional index (PNI), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS). Results: Twenty-four patients were enrolled in this study. The median age was 64.5 (range, 49-82) years, and 17 (70.8%) were men. Among this cohort, two patients showed high PD-L1 expression (≥50%), seven showed low (1-49%) expression, and the other 15 patients showed 0% or unknown expression. Survival analyses showed that low PNI was an independent predictor of short time to treatment failure (TTF) [hazard ratio (HR) =6.87, P=0.0052], and high NLR (HR =3.53, P=0.0375) and high mGPS (HR =23.2, P=0.0038) were independent prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) after atezolizumab. Furthermore, the NLR high/mGPS high group had far worse prognosis than the NLR low/mGPS low group. Conclusions: The therapeutic and prognostic effect of atezolizumab may depend on the host immune-nutritional status. This study provided novel but retrospective evidence, and thus further prospective studies are needed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine