The implicated clinical factors for outcomes in 304 patients with salivary duct carcinoma: Multi-institutional retrospective analysis in Japan

Kimihide Kusafuka, Yoko Sato, Eiji Nakatani, Satoshi Baba, Matsuyoshi Maeda, Koji Yamanegi, Kaori Ueda, Hiroshi Inagaki, Yoshiro Otsuki, Naoto Kuroda, Kensuke Suzuki, Hiroshi Iwai, Yoshiaki Imamura, Junya Itakura, Shoji Yamanaka, Hideaki Takahashi, Ichiro Ito, Takumi Akashi, Tsutomu Daa, Mei HamadaMasanori Yasuda, Ryo Kawata, Hidetaka Yamamoto, Yuri Tachibana, Junya Fukuoka, Aya Muramatsu, Kazumori Arai, Makoto Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is a high-grade salivary malignancy that frequently occurs as the carcinomatous component of carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma. We herein examined the clinical factors affecting outcomes in a large cohort of SDC. Methods: We selected 304 SDC cases and investigated clinical characteristics and the factors affecting outcomes. Results: The median age of the cases examined was 68 years, the most common primary site was the parotid gland (238 cases), and there was a male predominance (M/F = 5:1). Outcomes were significantly worse when the primary tumor site was the minor salivary glands (SG) than when it was the major SG. Outcomes were also significantly worse in pN(+) cases (161 cases) than in pN0 cases, particularly those with a metastatic lymph node number ≥11. The cumulative incidence of relapse and distant metastases was significantly higher in stage IV cases than in stage 0–III cases. Conclusions: The absolute number of lymph node metastases, higher stages, and the minor SG as the primary tumor site were identified as factors affecting the outcome of SDC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1430-1441
Number of pages12
JournalHead and Neck
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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