Objective: Pin-type head frame systems have become a worldwide standard procedure, but they can cause some complications on rare occasions. This study aimed to examine the incidence and associated risk factors of depressed skull fracture and related intracranial hematoma (DSFH) due to the use of head frames in our institute over the past 10 years. Methods: This study included 1749 patients who underwent neurosurgical surgeries using pin-type head frames, including the Mayfield (Integra NeuroSciences, Plainsboro, NJ) skull clamp (721 cases) and the Sugita (Mizuho Ikakogyo Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) head frame (1028 cases). We retrospectively reviewed hospital records of our institute to identify cases of DSFH, and documented the type of head frame used, as well as patient characteristics. Results: The incidence of DSFH was 0.29% (5 of 1749 cases). All 5 cases had an associated epidural hematoma, with a single case having an additional dural laceration (without subdural damage). All perforation sites, located at the parietal bone near the pterion, occurred by the unilateral horizontal screw of the Sugita head frame. None of the patients experienced postoperative neurological decline. Conclusions: Even in the adult population, the DSFH by the pin-type head frame can occur infrequently. Based on our results, we recommend that the following factors should be considered when the pin-type head frame is used for neurosurgical procedures: location of pin application, thickness and fragility of the skull, and adequate control of compressive forces exerted by the head frame.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology