The influence of ceramide and its dihydro analog on the physico-chemical properties of sphingomyelin bilayers

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Abstract

The influence of ceramide and its dihydro analog (Cer and DHCer, respectively; inclusively termed Cers) on sphingomyelin (SM) bilayers was examined. Fluorescent microscopy showed that SM/Cers binary bilayers undergo phase separation between Cers-rich and Cers-poor phases. Based on calorimetry, the content of Cers in the Cers-rich phase was estimated and the results show that DHCer in the DHCer-rich phase (17.5 mol%) is more condensed than Cer in the Cer-rich phase (15 mol%), likely due to a stronger intermolecular interaction of DHCer than that of Cer. Furthermore, the Cers-poor phase consists of almost pure SM. X-ray diffraction and water permeability measurements disclosed that the size of crystallites—lipid nano-clusters formed inside the Cers-rich phase—are larger for the DHCer-rich phase than those for the Cer-rich phase. Due to its stronger intermolecular interactions, DHCer could effectively suppress the inter-crystallite packing gaps to avoid the energetic disadvantage, resulting in formation of larger crystallites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104835
JournalChemistry and Physics of Lipids
Volume226
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

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Calorimetry
Sphingomyelins
X-Ray Diffraction
Phase separation
Chemical properties
Crystallites
X ray diffraction
Microscopy
Permeability
Microscopic examination
Lipids
Water
dihydroceramide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "The influence of ceramide and its dihydro analog on the physico-chemical properties of sphingomyelin bilayers",
abstract = "The influence of ceramide and its dihydro analog (Cer and DHCer, respectively; inclusively termed Cers) on sphingomyelin (SM) bilayers was examined. Fluorescent microscopy showed that SM/Cers binary bilayers undergo phase separation between Cers-rich and Cers-poor phases. Based on calorimetry, the content of Cers in the Cers-rich phase was estimated and the results show that DHCer in the DHCer-rich phase (17.5 mol{\%}) is more condensed than Cer in the Cer-rich phase (15 mol{\%}), likely due to a stronger intermolecular interaction of DHCer than that of Cer. Furthermore, the Cers-poor phase consists of almost pure SM. X-ray diffraction and water permeability measurements disclosed that the size of crystallites—lipid nano-clusters formed inside the Cers-rich phase—are larger for the DHCer-rich phase than those for the Cer-rich phase. Due to its stronger intermolecular interactions, DHCer could effectively suppress the inter-crystallite packing gaps to avoid the energetic disadvantage, resulting in formation of larger crystallites.",
author = "Masanao Kinoshita and Kaoru Tanaka and Nobuaki Matsumori",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.chemphyslip.2019.104835",
language = "English",
volume = "226",
journal = "Chemistry and Physics of Lipids",
issn = "0009-3084",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

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T1 - The influence of ceramide and its dihydro analog on the physico-chemical properties of sphingomyelin bilayers

AU - Kinoshita, Masanao

AU - Tanaka, Kaoru

AU - Matsumori, Nobuaki

PY - 2020/1

Y1 - 2020/1

N2 - The influence of ceramide and its dihydro analog (Cer and DHCer, respectively; inclusively termed Cers) on sphingomyelin (SM) bilayers was examined. Fluorescent microscopy showed that SM/Cers binary bilayers undergo phase separation between Cers-rich and Cers-poor phases. Based on calorimetry, the content of Cers in the Cers-rich phase was estimated and the results show that DHCer in the DHCer-rich phase (17.5 mol%) is more condensed than Cer in the Cer-rich phase (15 mol%), likely due to a stronger intermolecular interaction of DHCer than that of Cer. Furthermore, the Cers-poor phase consists of almost pure SM. X-ray diffraction and water permeability measurements disclosed that the size of crystallites—lipid nano-clusters formed inside the Cers-rich phase—are larger for the DHCer-rich phase than those for the Cer-rich phase. Due to its stronger intermolecular interactions, DHCer could effectively suppress the inter-crystallite packing gaps to avoid the energetic disadvantage, resulting in formation of larger crystallites.

AB - The influence of ceramide and its dihydro analog (Cer and DHCer, respectively; inclusively termed Cers) on sphingomyelin (SM) bilayers was examined. Fluorescent microscopy showed that SM/Cers binary bilayers undergo phase separation between Cers-rich and Cers-poor phases. Based on calorimetry, the content of Cers in the Cers-rich phase was estimated and the results show that DHCer in the DHCer-rich phase (17.5 mol%) is more condensed than Cer in the Cer-rich phase (15 mol%), likely due to a stronger intermolecular interaction of DHCer than that of Cer. Furthermore, the Cers-poor phase consists of almost pure SM. X-ray diffraction and water permeability measurements disclosed that the size of crystallites—lipid nano-clusters formed inside the Cers-rich phase—are larger for the DHCer-rich phase than those for the Cer-rich phase. Due to its stronger intermolecular interactions, DHCer could effectively suppress the inter-crystallite packing gaps to avoid the energetic disadvantage, resulting in formation of larger crystallites.

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