We examined the influence of chronic antihypertensive treatment on the central pressor response in SHR. Adult male SHR were divided into 5 groups, i.e., those receiving 1) enalapril (Enal: 25 mg/kg/day in drinking water, n=12); 2) losartan (Los: 40 mg/kg/day, n=11); 3) candesartan (Cand: 4 mg/kg/day, n=12); 4) hydralazine+hydrochlorothiazide (H&H: 50+7.5 mg/kg/day, n=9); 5) vehicle (Control: n=9). At 4 weeks of treatment, hypertonic saline (0.25, 0.5 M) was intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) injected into conscious rats. Plasma catecholamines were measured before and after i.c.v. injection. On completion of the experiment, heart weight was measured, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity of the cerebrum was determined. All antihypertensive drugs elicited comparable reductions in systolic blood pressure, while heart rate was significantly higher in the H&H group than in the other groups during treatment. Pressor response to i.c.v. hypertonic saline (0.5 M) was significantly smaller in the Enal (12±3 mmHg) and Cand (11 ±2 mmHg) groups than in the Los (22±2 mmHg), H&H (16±2 mmHg), and Control (29±5 mmHg) groups. Plasma catecholamines did not differ among the groups. Heart weight was lowest in the Enal group, followed by the Los and Cand groups. ACE activity of the cerebrum was significantly decreased in the Enal group. The results suggest that chronic treatment with various antihypertensive drugs differentially alters the central pressor response in SHR, and enalapril and candesartan are effective in attenuating this response.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine