The landscape of somatic mutations in Down syndrome-related myeloid disorders

Kenichi Yoshida, Tsutomu Toki, Yusuke Okuno, Rika Kanezaki, Yuichi Shiraishi, Aiko Sato-Otsubo, Masashi Sanada, Myoung Ja Park, Kiminori Terui, Hiromichi Suzuki, Ayana Kon, Yasunobu Nagata, Yusuke Sato, Ru Nan Wang, Norio Shiba, Kenichi Chiba, Hiroko Tanaka, Asahito Hama, Hideki Muramatsu, Daisuke HasegawaKazuhiro Nakamura, Hirokazu Kanegane, Keiko Tsukamoto, Souichi Adachi, Kiyoshi Kawakami, Koji Kato, Ryosei Nishimura, Shai Izraeli, Yasuhide Hayashi, Satoru Miyano, Seiji Kojima, Etsuro Ito, Seishi Ogawa

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Abstract

Transient abnormal myelopoiesis (TAM) is a myeloid proliferation resembling acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL), mostly affecting perinatal infants with Down syndrome. Although self-limiting in a majority of cases, TAM may evolve as non-self-limiting AMKL after spontaneous remission (DS-AMKL). Pathogenesis of these Down syndrome-related myeloid disorders is poorly understood, except for GATA1 mutations found in most cases. Here we report genomic profiling of 41 TAM, 49 DS-AMKL and 19 non-DS-AMKL samples, including whole-genome and/or whole-exome sequencing of 15 TAM and 14 DS-AMKL samples. TAM appears to be caused by a single GATA1 mutation and constitutive trisomy 21. Subsequent AMKL evolves from a pre-existing TAM clone through the acquisition of additional mutations, with major mutational targets including multiple cohesin components (53%), CTCF (20%), and EZH2, KANSL1 and other epigenetic regulators (45%), as well as common signaling pathways, such as the JAK family kinases, MPL, SH2B3 (LNK) and multiple RAS pathway genes (47%).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1293-1301
Number of pages9
JournalNature genetics
Volume45
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

Cite this

Yoshida, K., Toki, T., Okuno, Y., Kanezaki, R., Shiraishi, Y., Sato-Otsubo, A., ... Ogawa, S. (2013). The landscape of somatic mutations in Down syndrome-related myeloid disorders. Nature genetics, 45(11), 1293-1301. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng.2759