The present paper describes numerical thermofluid simulation results of SF6, Ar, and Ar/SF6 arcs in a nozzle space at atmospheric pressure on the assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) condition. It is crucial to investigate fundamentals on arc extinction phenomena by numerical simulation approach as well as experimental approach. Two-dimensional temperature distributions in SF6, Ar, Ar/SF6 gas-blast arcs were calculated in a steady state at a direct current of 50 A. Furthermore, transient temperature distributions in these arcs were computed under free recovery condition for a fundamental study. We investigated dependences of the gas mixture ratio of SF6 to Ar and the gas flow velocity on the arc temperature and the arc voltage. The calculated arc voltage in the steady state and the transition of electron density under free recovery condition were compared with those obtained by laser Thomson scattering method in our experiments. As a result, the increasing admixture ratio of SF6 to Ar and the increasing gas flow velocity shrinks the arc plasma around nozzle throat inlet, leading to the higher arc resistance. Under free recovery condition, the arc plasma decay more rapidly there. Comparison in electron density shows the similar dependence on SF6 and Ar, while there is still some difference in the absolute value of electron density between the calculation results and experimental results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering