The mammalian peroxin Pex5pl, the longer isoform of the mobile peroxisome targeting signal (PTS) type 1 transporter, translocates the Pex7p·PTS2 protein complex into peroxisomes via its initial docking site, Pex14p

Hidenori Otera, Tomoyuki Harano, Masanori Honsho, Kamran Ghaedi, Satoru Mukai, Atsushi Tanaka, Atsushi Kawai, Nobuhiro Shimizu, Yukio Fujiki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

158 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In mammals, two isoforms of the peroxisome targeting signal (PTS) type 1 receptor Pex5p, i.e. Pex5pS and Pex5pL with an internal 37-amino acid insertion, have previously been identified. Expression of either type of Pex5p complements the impaired PTS1 import in Chinese hamster ovary pex5 mutants, but only Pex5pL can rescue the PTS2 import defect noted in a subgroup of pex5 mutants such as ZP105. In this work, we found that Pex5pL directly interacts with the PTS2 receptor Pex7p, carrying its cargo PTS2 protein in the cytosol. Pex5pL, but not Pex5pS, mediated the binding of PTS2 protein to Pex14p by translocating Pex7p, demonstrating that Pex5pL plays a pivotal role in peroxisomal PTS2 import. Pex5p was localized mostly in the cytosol in wild-type CHO-K1 and Pex14p-deficient mutant cells, whereas it accumulated in the peroxisomal remnants in cell mutants defective in Pex13p or the RING family peroxins such as Pex2p and Pex12p. Furthermore, overexpression of Pex14p, but not Pex10p, Pex12p, or Pex13p, caused accumulation of Pex5p in peroxisomal membranes, with concomitant interference with PTS1 and PTS2 import. Therefore, Pex5p carrying the cargoes most likely docks with the initial site (Pex14p) in a putative import machinery, subsequently translocating to other components such as Pex13p, Pex2p, Pex10p, and Pex12p.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21703-21714
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 14 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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