How to wire a neural circuit is crucial for the functioning of the nervous system. Here, we describe the neuroanatomy of the olfactory neurons in the spli mutant strain of silkmoth (Bombyx mori) to investigate the function of a transcription factor involved in neuronal wiring in the central olfactory circuit. The genomic structure of the gene Bmacj6, which encodes a class IV POU domain transcription factor, is disrupted in the spli mutant. We report the neuroanatomical abnormality in the morphology of the antennal lobe projection neurons (PNs) that process the sex pheromone. In addition to the mis-targeting of dendrites and axons, we found axonal bifurcation within the PNs. These results indicate that the morphology of neurons in the pheromone processing pathway is modified by Bmacj6.
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