The N-terminal propeptide and the C terminus of the precursor to 20-kilo-dalton potato tuber protein can function as different types of vacuolar sorting signals

Yasuhiro Koide, Ken Matsuoka, Masa Aki Ohto, Kenzo Nakamura

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Abstract

Two types of vacuolar sorting signals (VSSs), an asparagine-proline-isoleucine-arginine-leucine (NPIRL)-related VSS in the N-terminal propeptides (NTPPs) and a C-terminal VSS in the C-terminal propeptides (CTPPs), function differently in plant cells. A precursor to a 20-kDa protein of potato tuber (PT20) contains two NPIRL-related sequences, NPINL in a short NTPP and NPLDV close to the C terminus of the precursor. We made mutant forms of sweet potato sporamin (SPO), nPT20-SPO, in which the N-terminal pre-pro part was exchanged with that of the precursor to PT20, and SPO-PT20c, in which the C-terminal 13 amino acids of the precursor to PT20 was attached to the C terminus of Δpro-SPO which lacked NTPP. Both nPT20-SPO and SPO-PT20c were efficiently transported to the vacuoles in tobacco cells. Unlike nPT20-SPO, the vacuolar transport of SPO-PT20c was inhibited by wortmannin and by the C-terminal addition of Gly or Gly-Gly suggesting its similarity to the vacuolar transport of sporamin mediated by CTPP of barley lectin. Further analysis of the C-terminal sequence of PT20 indicated that the most C-terminal SFKQVQ sequence functions as the C-terminal VSS. These results suggest that the precursor to PT20 contains both NPIRL-like VSS in its NTPP and C-terminal VSS at the C terminus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1152-1159
Number of pages8
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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