The original pink-eyed dilution mutation (p) arose in asiatic mice: Implications for the H4 minor histocompatibility antigen, Myod1 regulation and the origin of inbred strains

M. H. Brilliant, A. Ching, Y. Nakatsu, E. M. Eicher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Allelic variation of the mouse pink-eyed dilution (p) gene in common laboratory strains and wild mice was examined by Southern blot and by polymerase chain reaction. In these assays the original p mutation allele found in strains SJL/J, 129/J, B10.129(21m), P/J and FS/Ei most closely matches an Asian Mus musculus allele, confirming anecdotal accounts of the Asian origin of this mutation. In contrast, the wild-type allele found in other common laboratory strains was apparently derived from Mus domesticus. Analysis of chromosome 7 loci both proximal and distal to the p locus demonstrates that strains SJL/J, 129/J, B10.129(21M), P/J and FS/Ei contain DNA segments of varying length derived from M. musculus. Strains 129/J and B10.129(21M) contain the largest segment of M. musculus-derived DNA (about 5 cM), including the loci Myod1, p, three clustered GABA(A) receptor subunit loci (Gabrg3, Gabra5 and Gabrb3), and Snrpn. The difference in the species origin of genes from this region of chromosome 7 may underlie the basis of the antigenicity of the minor histocompatibility antigen H4, defined by the strain B10.129(21M), and may account for the enhanced Myod1 activity observed in SJL/J mice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-211
Number of pages9
JournalGenetics
Volume138
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1994
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

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