The peroxisome counteracts oxidative stresses by suppressing catalase import via Pex14 phosphorylation

Kanji Okumoto, Mahmoud El Shermely, Masanao Natsui, Hidetaka Kosako, Ryuichi Natsuyama, Toshihiro Marutani, Yukio Fujiki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Most of peroxisomal matrix proteins including a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-decomposing enzyme, catalase, are imported in a peroxisome-targeting signal type-1 (PTS1)-dependent manner. However, little is known about regulation of the membrane-bound protein import machinery. Here, we report that Pex14, a central component of the protein translocation complex in peroxisomal membrane, is phosphorylated in response to oxidative stresses such as H2O2 in mammalian cells. The H2O2-induced phosphorylation of Pex14 at Ser232 suppresses peroxisomal import of catalase in vivo and selectively impairs in vitro the interaction of catalase with the Pex14-Pex5 complex. A phosphomimetic mutant Pex14-S232D elevates the level of cytosolic catalase, but not canonical PTS1-proteins, conferring higher cell resistance to H2O2. We thus suggest that the H2O2-induced phosphorylation of Pex14 spatiotemporally regulates peroxisomal import of catalase, functioning in counteracting action against oxidative stress by the increase of cytosolic catalase.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere55896
JournaleLife
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 24 2020

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