The polarization of electron cyclotron emission spectra in the Large Helical Device

P. C. De Vries, K. Kawahata, Y. Nagayama, H. Sasao, S. Inagaki, K. Nagasaki

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Abstract

Electron cyclotron emission (ECE) can be used to determine the electron temperature profile in magnetized plasmas. The complex structure of the magnetic field configuration in the Large Helical Device (LHD) [M. Fujiwara et al., S. Fusion Energy 15, 7 (1996)] complicates the analysis of the ECE spectrum. The magnetic field is a nonmonotonous function of the radius and has a very large shear. The effects of the magnetic-field shear on the polarization of the ECE spectrum have been numerically and experimentally analyzed. For a high enough density (ne> 1.0×1019m-3) the polarization is found to rotate with the sheared magnetic field, yielding only a negligible mode conversion. Experiments on the polarization have been carried out at LHD. X-mode emission was detected under a specific angle, in agreement with the numerical predictions. The elliptically polarized ECE emission showed a very strong O-mode component (70% of X-mode), that can be attributed to the effect of wall reflections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3707-3713
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume7
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2000
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

De Vries, P. C., Kawahata, K., Nagayama, Y., Sasao, H., Inagaki, S., & Nagasaki, K. (2000). The polarization of electron cyclotron emission spectra in the Large Helical Device. Physics of Plasmas, 7(9), 3707-3713. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1286668