Electron cyclotron emission (ECE) can be used to determine the electron temperature profile in magnetized plasmas. The complex structure of the magnetic field configuration in the Large Helical Device (LHD) [M. Fujiwara et al., S. Fusion Energy 15, 7 (1996)] complicates the analysis of the ECE spectrum. The magnetic field is a nonmonotonous function of the radius and has a very large shear. The effects of the magnetic-field shear on the polarization of the ECE spectrum have been numerically and experimentally analyzed. For a high enough density (ne> 1.0×1019m-3) the polarization is found to rotate with the sheared magnetic field, yielding only a negligible mode conversion. Experiments on the polarization have been carried out at LHD. X-mode emission was detected under a specific angle, in agreement with the numerical predictions. The elliptically polarized ECE emission showed a very strong O-mode component (70% of X-mode), that can be attributed to the effect of wall reflections.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics