Myocardial infarction (MI) is an ischaemic heart condition caused by the occlusion of coronary arteries. Following MI, lactic acid from anaerobic glycolysis increases and infiltrating immune cells produce severe inflammation, which leads to acidosis in the ischaemic heart. However, the physiological implication of this pH reduction remains largely unknown. T-cell death-associated gene 8 (TDAG8) is a proton-sensing G protein-coupled receptor found on cardiac macrophages that recognise increases in extracellular protons. We demonstrated that TDAG8 negatively regulates the transcription of the chemokine Ccl20. The infarcted hearts of TDAG8 KO mice showed an increase in CCL20 expression and the number of infiltrating IL-17A-producing γδT cells that express CCR6, a receptor for CCL20. Accordingly, excessive IL-17A production, which is linked to the functional deterioration after MI, was observed in MI-operated TDAG8 KO mice. The survival rate and cardiac function significantly decreased in TDAG8 KO mice compared with those in wild-type mice after MI. Thus, our results suggest that TDAG8 is a key regulator of MI and a potential therapeutic target.
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