The PX domain as a novel phosphoinositide-binding module

Tetsuro Ago, Ryu Takeya, Hidekazu Hiroaki, Futoshi Kuribayashi, Takashi Ito, Daisuke Kohda, Hideki Sumimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The phox (phagocyte oxidase) homology (PX) domain occurs in the mammalian phox proteins p40phox and p47phox, the polarity establishment protein Bem1p in budding yeast, and a variety of proteins involved in membrane trafficking. Here we show that the PX domains of p40phox and p47phox directly bind to phosphoinositides: p40phox prefers Ptdlns(3)P, while p47phox does Ptdlns(4)P and Ptdlns(3,4)P2. In addition, the Bem1p PX domain also interacts with Ptdlns(4)P. When the p40phox PX domain is expressed as a fusion to green fluorescent protein in HeLa cells, it exists at early endosomes where Ptdlns(3)P is enriched. Furthermore, a mutant p40phox PX carrying the substitution of Lys for Arg105 only weakly binds to phosphoinositides in vitro, and fails to locate to early endosomes. Thus the PX domain functions as a novel phosphoinositide-binding module and likely participates in targeting of proteins to membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-738
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume287
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 28 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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