The Rac-specific exchange factors Dock1 and Dock5 are dispensable for the establishment of the glomerular filtration barrier in vivo

Mélanie Laurin, Annie Dumouchel, Yoshinori Fukui, Jean François Côté

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Podocytes are specialized kidney cells that form the kidney filtration barrier through the connection of their foot processes. Nephrin and Neph family transmembrane molecules at the surface of podocytes interconnect to form a unique type of cell-cell junction, the slit diaphragm, which acts as a molecular sieve. The cytoplasmic tails of Nephrin and Neph mediate cytoskeletal rearrangement that contributes to the maintenance of the filtration barrier. Nephrin and Neph1 orthologs are essential to regulate cell-cell adhesion and Rac-dependent actin rearrangement during Drosophila myoblast fusion. We hypothesized here that molecules regulating myoblast fusion in Drosophila could contribute to signaling downstream of Nephrin and Neph1 in podocytes. We found that Nephrin engagement promoted recruitment of the Rac exchange factor Dock1 to the membrane. Furthermore, Nephrin overexpression led to lamellipodia formation that could be blocked by inhibiting Rac1 activity. We generated in vivo mouse models to investigate whether Dock1 and Dock5 contribute to the formation and maintenance of the kidney filtration barrier. Our results indicate that while Dock1 and Dock5 are expressed in podocytes, their functions are not essential for the development of the glomerular filtration barrier. Furthermore, mice lacking Dock1 were not protected from LPS-induced podocyte effacement. Our data suggest that Dock1 and Dock5 are not the important exchange factors regulating Rac activity during the establishment and maintenance of the glomerular barrier.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-230
Number of pages10
JournalSmall GTPases
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013

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Glomerular Filtration Barrier
Podocytes
Myoblasts
Maintenance
Kidney
Drosophila
Fusion reactions
Pseudopodia
Molecules
Intercellular Junctions
Cell adhesion
Molecular sieves
Diaphragms
Diaphragm
Cell Adhesion
nephrin
Tail
Actins
Foot
Membranes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

The Rac-specific exchange factors Dock1 and Dock5 are dispensable for the establishment of the glomerular filtration barrier in vivo. / Laurin, Mélanie; Dumouchel, Annie; Fukui, Yoshinori; Côté, Jean François.

In: Small GTPases, Vol. 4, No. 4, 01.01.2013, p. 221-230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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