Background Since Sugioka transtrochanteric anterior rotational osteotomy (ARO) for osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) changes the morphology of the proximal femur, total hip arthroplasty (THA) after previous ARO is considered a technically demanding procedure. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinicoradiologic outcomes of THA after ARO with those of THA without any antecedent surgery for ONFH. Methods Twenty-four hips in 20 patients who underwent cementless THA after ARO (postosteotomy group) were retrospectively reviewed and compared with patients who underwent cementless THA without any antecedent surgery for ONFH during the same period (primary group). In the postosteotomy group, the mean duration from ARO to THA was 19.7 years. All patients were followed for at least 5 years (mean, 8.3 years; follow-up rate, 78.5%). A clinical assessment was performed preoperatively and at the latest follow-up using the Harris Hip Score. A radiographic examination was performed at 3 months after THA and at the latest follow-up. Results The Harris Hip Score at the latest follow-up in the postosteotomy group was equivalent to that in the primary group, but longer operation time and greater intraoperative blood loss were observed in the postosteotomy group. There were no significant differences in postoperative complications, including dislocation (2 hips in each group). The leg lengthening in the postosteotomy group tended to be longer. No hips showed implant malpositioning, loosening, or required any revision surgery. Conclusion The clinicoradiologic outcomes of THA after ARO are considered to be comparable with those of THA without any antecedent surgery for ONFH.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine