The role of microwave irradiation in coal desulphurization with molten caustics

Hayashi Jun-Ichiro, Kenjiro Oku, Katsuki Kusakabe, Shigeharu Morooka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rate of coal desulphurization was promoted by microwave irradiation with a molten mixture of NaOH and KOH. To investigate the role of microwave irradiation, the rate of penetration of molten caustics into a porous body was measured using a graphite tip which was inert to the molten caustics. When the graphite tip was impregnated with surfactants by immersing in an aqueous alkaline solution, the penetration rate increased without microwave irradiation. The desulphurization rate of coal samples pretreated by this procedure also increased without the use of microwaves. These findings suggest that microwave irradiation facilitates the contact between coal and the molten caustics, and that the rate determining step is not chemical reaction but mass transfer of the molten caustics into the coal matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)739-742
Number of pages4
JournalFuel
Volume69
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1990

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Caustics
Microwave irradiation
Coal
Molten materials
Graphite
Surface-Active Agents
Contacts (fluid mechanics)
Chemical reactions
Surface active agents
Mass transfer
Microwaves

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

The role of microwave irradiation in coal desulphurization with molten caustics. / Jun-Ichiro, Hayashi; Oku, Kenjiro; Kusakabe, Katsuki; Morooka, Shigeharu.

In: Fuel, Vol. 69, No. 6, 01.01.1990, p. 739-742.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jun-Ichiro, Hayashi ; Oku, Kenjiro ; Kusakabe, Katsuki ; Morooka, Shigeharu. / The role of microwave irradiation in coal desulphurization with molten caustics. In: Fuel. 1990 ; Vol. 69, No. 6. pp. 739-742.
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