To investigate the characteristics, risk factors, and prevention of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a total of 3,627 patients were studied. Among these, 1,336 patients with various infections were used in a risk factor analysis of MRSA to determine the relationship between the use of antibiotics and the incidence of MRSA. Only 3.0% of infections were attributed to MRSA, the esophagus and colorectal region being highly involved, as anastomotic or pelvic abscesses, while the lung had a lower incidence. Almost half the patients with MRSA infections (47.6%) had concomitant infections. A univariate analysis revealed the following significant factors: The coexistence of gastrointestinal or metastatic malignancy, sepsis, tracheostomy, and the prior use of antibiotics such as the β-lactam compounds or aminoglycosides. A multivariate analysis showed that gastrointestinal malignancy, sepsis, and the prior use of aminoglycosides, tetracycline, macrolides, and carbapenems were independently significant factors. To promote the education of doctors and nurses, regular in-service meetings on MRSA were held in the ward. Moreover, preventive approaches such as patient isolation, strategically placed hand washing equipment, and the use of disposable gloves and contaminated waste bags, have been initiated, and the incidence of MRSA has decreased significantly since then. Thus, to control MRSA, the following steps should be taken: (1) constant and careful surveillance, (2) regular risk factor analyses, (3) the optimal administration of antibiotics, and (4) the education of all hospital staff.
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