Background: We sought to identify the feasibility of speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) to predict cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) responders in a prospective multicenter study. Methods and Results: Patients who were newly implanted with a CRT device were enrolled. Time (T) from QRS to maximum peak radial and circumferential strain (CS) in 6 segments on the left ventricular (LV) short-axis plane, and to the maximum peak of longitudinal strain in 18 segments on 3 apical LV planes was measured (Tmax). In segments with multiple peaks on the time-strain curves, time to the first peak (Tfirst) was also assessed. Difference in T between the earliest and latest segment and standard deviation (SD) of T in each strain component were assessed. CRT responders were defined as having LV end-systolic volume reduction >15% at 6 months after CRT. Clinical outcomes were assessed with a composite endpoint of death from cardiac causes or unplanned hospitalization for heart failure. Among 180 patients, 109 patients were identified as responders. Tfirst-SD of CS >116 ms was selected as the best independent predictor of CRT responders (P<0.001, hazard ratio=9.83, 95% confidence interval 3.78–25.6). In addition, Tfirst-SD of CS was associated with the clinical endpoints. Conclusions: This prospective multicenter study revealed the high feasibility of dyssynchrony assessment by STE, which may improve the ability to predict CRT responders.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine