Energetic-particle-driven geodesic acoustic modes (EGAMs) channeling in the Large Helical Device (LHD) plasmas are systematically investigated for the first time using MEGA code. MEGA is a hybrid simulation code for energetic particles interacting with a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) fluid. In the present work, both the energetic particles and the bulk ions are described kinetically. The EGAM profiles in the three-dimensional form is illustrated. Then, EGAM channeling behaviors are analyzed under different conditions. During the EGAM activities without frequency chirping, EGAM channeling occurs in the linear growth stage but terminates in the decay stage after the saturation. During the EGAM activities with frequency chirping, EGAM channeling occurs continuously. Also, low-frequency EGAM makes the energy transfer efficiency () higher, and this is confirmed by changing the energetic particle pressure, energetic particle beam velocity, and energetic particle pitch angle. Moreover, higher bulk ion temperature makes the energy transfer efficiency higher. In addition, under a certain condition, the energy transfer efficiency in the deuterium plasma is lower than that in the hydrogen plasma.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Condensed Matter Physics