Theoretical and Experimental Investigations on K-doped SrCo0.9Nb0.1O3-δ as a Promising Cathode for Proton-Conducting Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Kang Zhu, Yi Yang, Daoming Huan, Xueyu Hu, Nai Shi, Yun Xie, Xinyu Li, Changrong Xia, Ranran Peng, Yalin Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Improving proton conduction in cathodes is regarded as one of the most effective methods to accelerate the sluggish proton-involved oxygen reduction reaction (P-ORR) for proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells (P-SOFCs). In this work, K+ dopant was used to improve the proton uptake and migration ability of SrCo0.9Nb0.1O3-δ (SCN). K+-doped SCN (KSCN) demonstrated great potential to be a promising cathode for P-SOFCs. Density functional theory calculations suggested that doping with K+ led to more oxygen vacancies and more negative values of hydration enthalpy, which was helpful for the improvement of proton concentration. Importantly, the proton migration barriers could be depressed, benefiting proton conduction. Electrochemical investigations signified that the cell using KSCN cathode had a peak power density of 967 mW cm−2 at 700 °C, about 54.1 % higher than that using a SCN cathode. This research highlights the K+-doping strategy to improve electrochemical performance of cathodes for P-SOFCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3876-3886
Number of pages11
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - Sep 20 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy(all)


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