Recently, planar-chiral phosphine-olefin ligands based on (η6-arene)chromium(0) and (η5-cyclopentadienyl)manganese(I), which are known as first- and second-generation, respectively, have been developed. These ligands were employed for Rh-catalyzed asymmetric 1,4-addition to enones. First-generation ligands involve high enantioselectivity for cyclic enones (>98% ee). Second-generation ligands involve high enantioselectivity for not only cyclic enones but also for acyclic enones (>98% ee). In this study, we have performed DFT calculations to investigate the origin of enantioselectivity. The theoretical values of enantioselectivities were found to be in good agreement with the experimental values obtained for a cyclic enone, 2-cyclopenten-1-one, using both the first- and second-generation ligands. Regarding an acyclic enone, 3-penten-2-one, it was found that the s-cis type decreases the enantioselectivity because the transition states in the s-cis type have a large steric repulsion. Energy decomposition analysis (EDA) and natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis indicate that it is important to study the orbital interactions in the transition states of the insertion step for the acyclic enone attacked from si-face with the second-generation ligand.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Computational Mathematics