Theoretical study of a flexible wiretype Joule Thomson micro-refrigerator for use in cryosurgery

Adhika Widyaparaga, Masashi Kuwamoto, Naoya Sakoda, Masamichi Kohno, Yasuyuki Takata

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We have developed a model capable of predicting the performance characteristics of a wiretype Joule-Thomson microcooler intended for use within a cryosurgical probe. Our objective was to be able to predict evaporator temperature, temperature distribution and cooling power using only inlet gas properties as input variables. To achieve this, the model incorporated changing gas properties due to heat transfer within the heat exchanger and isenthalpic expansion within the capillary. In consideration of inefficiencies, heat in-leak from free convection and radiation was also considered and the use of a 2D axisymmetric finite difference code allowed simulation of axial conduction. Two types of microcoolers differing in inner tube material, poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) and stainless steel, were tested and simulated. CO2 was used as the coolant gas in the calculations and experimental trials for inlet pressures from 0.5 MPa to 2.0 MPa. Heat load trials of up to 550 mW along with unloaded trials were conducted. Comparisons to experiments show that the model was successfully able to obtain a good degree of accuracy. For the all PEEK microcooler in a vacuum using 2.0 MPa inlet pressure, the calculations predicted a temperature drop of 57 K and mass flow rate of 19.5 mg/s compared to measured values of 63 K and 19.4 mg/s therefore showing that conventional macroscale correlations can hold well for turbulent microscale flow and heat transfer as long as the validity of the assumptions is verified.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, ICNMM2010
Pages591-598
Number of pages8
EditionPARTS A AND B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2010
EventASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2010 Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: Aug 1 2010Aug 5 2010

Publication series

NameASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, ICNMM2010
NumberPARTS A AND B

Other

OtherASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, ICNMM2010 Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting
CountryCanada
CityMontreal, QC
Period8/1/108/5/10

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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