Theoretical study of low-lying electronic states of TiCl and ZrCl

Yoshiko Sakai, Koichi Mogi, Eisaku Miyoshi

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    17 Citations (Scopus)


    Low-lying electronic states of TiCl and ZrCl were investigated by the complete active space SCF (CASSCF), multi-reference singly and doubly excited configuration interaction (MRSDCI), and multi-reference coupled pair approximation (MRCPA) calculations using the model core potential (MCP) method. Relativistic effects were incorporated in the MCP and basis sets for Zr at the level of Cowan and Griffin's quasi-relativistic Hartree-Fock method. The 4Φ state was found to be the ground state of TiCl, whereas the 2Δ state was the ground state of ZrCl at all levels of calculation. Two low-lying excited states were very close in energy to the ground state. The excited 4Σ- and 2Δ states of TiCl were higher than the ground state by 0.102 eV and 0.458 eV, respectively, and the excited 4Φ and 4Σ- states of ZrCl were higher by 0.094 eV and 0.110 eV, respectively, at the MRCPA level. The calculated values of re(2.319 Å) and ωe(382 cm-1) for the ground 4Φ state of TiCl are quite close to the values of re(2.351 Å) and ωe(383 cm-1) for the ground 2Δ state of ZrCl. The values of re, ωe, Be, and αe are reasonably comparable to the observed values for both TiCl and ZrCl.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3989-3994
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 1999

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Physics and Astronomy(all)
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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