Theoretical study of support effect of Au catalyst for glucose oxidation of alkaline fuel cell anode

Takayoshi Ishimoto, Yumi Hamatake, Hiroki Kazuno, Takayuki Kishida, Michihisa Koyama

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    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We theoretically analyzed the glucose oxidation reaction mechanism and reaction activity of Au catalyst supported by carbon (graphite(0 0 0 1), (1 0 1¯ 0), and (1 1 2¯ 0)) and oxide (ZrO2(1 1 1) and SnO2(1 1 0)) in alkaline solution environment by using density functional theory method. We observed large stabilization of Au catalyst on support materials due to the electron transfer in the case of graphite(1 1 2¯ 0) and SnO2(1 1 0) systems. The catalytic activity for glucose oxidation reaction over Au supported by graphite(1 0 1¯ 0) and (1 1 2¯ 0) is calculated to be low in comparison with those of unsupported system. We found that SnO2(1 1 0) supported Au catalyst shows high activity toward the glucose oxidation. One of the main factors for the observed high catalytic activity is charge transfer from Au catalyst to support materials. When the atomic charge of Au catalyst becomes positive by the support effect, the activity of glucose oxidation reaction on Au catalyst is improved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)76-81
    Number of pages6
    JournalApplied Surface Science
    Volume324
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Physics and Astronomy(all)
    • Surfaces and Interfaces
    • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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