Therapeutic potential of spheroids of stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth for chronic liver fibrosis and hemophilia A

Yoshiaki Takahashi, Ratih Yuniartha, Takayoshi Yamaza, Soichiro Sonoda, Haruyoshi Yamaza, Kosuke Kirino, Koichiro Yoshimaru, Toshiharu Matsuura, Tomoaki Taguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based cell therapies have emerged as a promising treatment option for various diseases. Due to the superior survival and higher differentiation efficiency, three-dimensional spheroid culture systems have been an important topic of MSC research. Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) have been considered an ideal source of MSCs for regenerative medicine. Thus, in the present study, we introduce our newly developed method for fabricating SHED-based micro-hepatic tissues, and demonstrate the therapeutic effects of SHED-based micro-hepatic tissues in mouse disease models. Methods: SHED-converted hepatocyte-like cells (SHED-HLCs) were used for fabricating spherical micro-hepatic tissues. The SHED-HLC-based spheroids were then transplanted both into the liver of mice with CCl4-induced chronic liver fibrosis and the kidney of factor VIII (F8)-knock-out mice. At 4 weeks after transplantation, the therapeutic efficacy was investigated. Results: Intrahepatic transplantation of SHED-HLC-spheroids improved the liver dysfunction in association with anti-fibrosis effects in CCl4-treated mice. Transplanted SHED-converted cells were successfully engrafted in the recipient liver. Meanwhile, renal capsular transplantation of the SHED-HLC-spheroids significantly extended the bleeding time in F8-knock-out mice. Conclusions: These findings suggest that SHED-HLC-based micro-hepatic tissues might be a promising source for treating pediatric refractory diseases, including chronic liver fibrosis and hemophilia A.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1379-1388
Number of pages10
JournalPediatric surgery international
Volume35
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Surgery

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